Monday, May 12, 2014

Repairing Voltec SPX EL-50580 charger level 2 for Chevy Volt & Nissan leaf

MAY 21, 2014 update: Looks like we;ve successfully repaired the charger! Will probably be offering a repair service for those boards through our main site...if you can't find it there please contact me through http://www.coppelltvrepair.com .

Introduction
OK, today's topic: dissecting and repairing Voltec EVSE charger SPX EL-50580 due to failure to show any signs of life upon connecting to 240V power.

As the internals will show you it was made by Intertek and has product number 4000982 and catalog number 22781774, input voltage of 240V AC, charging current of 15A and therefore consumed (or rather passed through) power of 3600 W:


The accent in this article would be on dissecting. If the page title has mislead you I apologize about that.
Google doesn't index long titles and repairing is the ultimate goal, so I figured I'd put it there instead.

A foreword for those not familiar with my style and attitude, e.g. from previous articles, our publicly available repair services or , in case you are married to me, personal experience:

I bravely venture into affairs such as this one, marriage and milk chocolate from unknown sources or with expired sanity period, fully aware that my body and soul may not be fully prepared for the journey. I may say or conclude things that a highly rated spiritual minds or better trained engineers may find impolite, improper or flat out testing outdated, maybe even dangerous.

I encourage others to find and listen to their inner voice and follow its advice, but refuse to be held responsible for the way they learn. As such, anything you find here and use or misuse shall be a direct result of your own guiding spirit, may a fast acting fuse be with it!


OK, legal stuff behind our back, let's get our feet wet!

 Failure symptoms of the bad EVSE charger
A friend of mine bought a crashed Ford hybrid and since it came without the charger he also bought a broken charger, which he brought to me believing that I can whisper a few quiet words to it and it shall start working.

Because that's how it usually works.

The charger my friend bought was flat out dead, no green lights, no red lights, nothing at all.

From what I later found out it must have been a little pop sound and a little smell when it failed.

Under the hood
I have never seen an electric/hybrid car charger before in my life and I had to educate myself a bit.

I'm not quite done yet, but I advise to get educated a bit too. A quick Google search for "J-1772" is an excellent start and will allow you to find articles to your knowledge level.

For moderately advanced minds I found this site to be a fair quick jump starter on what I was dealing with, even though it says nothing about this Chevy charger in particular.

OK, OK - onto dissecting.

So inside the charger you can find this board (which is already outside of the charger in the picture):


The board itself has a label saying LEAR (apparently a name in industrial electronics) ETON ET856 and 3E0SA0130 as can be seen here:


The top candidates for checking a dead power board of any type are the fuses on the input and despite their discoloration on the pictures and apparently melted casing on one of them they both tested good.

I guess I should first say that the whole board - or most of it anyway - is covered in protective layer, which makes measuring components harder as the layer needs to be scratched off. I guess it was covered for a good reason (standards and all), so be careful and make sure to cover it back once done.

I know exactly the thing you need for the purpose, it's on my desk, but for the life of me I can't remember the English word for it at the moment. I guess I need to eat more chocolate.

Also, the board on the picture has already been modified and if you are careful comparing this board with yours you may find the differences - it is the resistor R9 (47 Ohm / 5 watt wirewound) and the inductor L2 (not really sure, but my take was 10 mH based on the color code on it):


The original resistor must have once been poison green, but when I first looked at it the color was more of a dislodging gray was open.

The inductor wasn't open, but had a good burn mark and a crack:



First take at repairing the charger

Burned power resistors on the input of a TV power supply is not very uncommon so I figured it is possible that the power resistor has simply burned as a result of natural underrating and wearing over time.

I did not have an exact match at the time so I used two 22 ohm / 5 watt resistors in series (lower value, but what the heck, I was impatient plus it was half the power on each one, which was great).

The resistors burned beautifully as soon as we connected the board to 240V and I knew there was something more there than an aging resistor.

Back to dissecting
To save some time here I'll speed things up a bit.

The resistor R9 is in series with one of the two live / line wires and leads to the first of the two large black boxes in the middle of the board. The other live leads there as well, which made this black box the perfect candidate for something that would have been bad.

I did a little research on the components and found out them to be industrial level transformers with very wide input range and one or two outputs.

The models used were BPW-4-09-001 and BPS-1-09001 and both were missing in the specification catalog of the company that made them.

Which is not unusual in the TV repair business, it's more like the norm and even more the reason why we have to hack things (when disconnected from power and properly discharged, notarized will presenting the spouse an opportunity to work for money etc. necessities).

The two modules are connected in parallel  to the 240V supplied by the two lines through R9 and with my Fluke I could see there was resistance - high, but the same in both directions, which is unusual for any type of switching power supply (which what those undoubtedly were).

So I scratched and scrubbed a little, cut through some silicone sealant and eventually took the larger one out (just a hunch, could have started with the smaller one too):


The first thing I did after taking it out and finding (not surprisingly) that it's fully enclosed and sealed, was to measure the resistance between the pulled out component and the one on the board.

The board was infinite in both directions and the component out (BPW-4-09-001) was still having that strange bi-directional high resistance.

That decided its fate:




Second take at repairing the charger
Well, the pictures should be pretty self-explaining as to why I don't think this particular modle (BPW-4-09-001) is going to be repairable.

Just in case, though, here are a few:

- The burned IC in the middle is impossible to figure; it's just too badly burned and I do not have any marks on its top that would allow me to see what it is

- Even if it was visible the tracks on the board around it are burned too and I could only guess, but not be certain which goes where and when part of something that operates 240 VAC you better know which goes where

- Even if I knew which track went where the PCB on that area is so badly burned it may have (sure has) changed properties and can't be trusted as an isolator anymore.You run 240V somewhere nearby and before you know it there are sparks jumping up and down through the board and other components and a sound like a diesel truck trying to outrun an arrow train before exploding.


So the possible solutions are:

1) Obtaining a replacement module from the manufacturer or other source.
Haven't researched that yet , mostly because of a long experience being in the same situation in TV repairs.
I'd consider myself very lucky if I get a response - rejecting as it would likely be - back from the manufacturer.
99% of the time they just do not answer.
I must say to a degree I understand them - they can't possibly make the money they're looking for by selling parts individually, let alone the risks and headaches this brings to the table.

2) Replacing the component altogether with a hacked alternative
This is the direction I've taken.
First results were that the station became alive and started blinking green.
But it is still uncertain if it is charging. It was not.
Stay tuned for more details as they emerge.
Success! Ford C-MAX today charged successfully with the repaired/hacked charger shown above!
I'll update this  

3) Replacing the charging station altogether

This is also an alternative worth considering.

Prices of chargers will definitely go down from where they are today.

I am looking into obtaining or creating some at a price that makes sense, but my gut feeling is that their price drop will be so significant that the best course of action if you have a broken charger is to try to repair it for $50 to $100 rather than spend $400 only to see the cost of a new one be that same $50 to $100 in a year.

Time will tell.

6 comments:

Mike B said...

Please email me, or tell me how to contact you regarding voltec charge stations

Lacertus said...

Nice work! How did you manage to bypass that mess?

Unknown said...

On my,120vac Volt, charger all the lights come "on" but the unit does not charge the car. The green light on the car does not come on. I have a spare charger so I know the charger is not working right. Got any ideas for me.

Glenn N. Davis said...

Look on alibaba.com They might have a board that replaces yours for a price you might find reasonable. Please tell me what you find.

Dennis Yoakam said...

I just repaired mine with a new dc converter board from Digi-Key. The Digi-Key number is 1470-1188-ND. This is a +5 V, +15V and -15V DC power supply that works over a wide ac input voltage range. I removed the old power converter board. In your case it is the two black blocks. I replaced the 47 Ohm resistor with a 47 Ohm 1 Watt wirewound resistor. I hard wired the AC inputs on the new board to the L1 and L2 posts and the DC outputs to their corresponding pins on the bottom board. I glued it all in place with some silicon sealant and voila...works like a champ.

Unknown said...

Hello
I have a defective board to be repair, one of the fuse is blown
Are you repairing them?
Thanks
Richard

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